Run Like an Olympian: 4 Tips to Your Fastest 5K

By , Samantha Clayton, Olympic sprinter and certified personal trainer
Whether you are a seasoned athlete, a stay-at-home mom, or a true weekend warrior, setting your sights on running a 5K is an achievable and rewarding goal. The second you sign up for a race you become an athlete. And once you start thinking like an athlete, your training plan and overall goal are easier to achieve.

Athletes approach every training session, every meal time and every activity with our end goal in mind. Asking themselves the question, “How will this help me be faster, stronger and more prepared for my competition?" ensures that they make good choices.
 
Here are four questions that you should ask yourself to think like an athlete, improve your running speed and run your fastest 5K time ever.

 

Question 1: Is this training plan the best routine for me?


Training for a race is not a one-size-fits-all situation. Recognizing your own strengths and weaknesses will enable you to address the areas of your body that need more work. As an example, if you are constantly tight in your hamstrings and hip flexors adding extra leg stretches for runners to your plan may help you run more freely. In addition, some people can get by—even thrive—with a little extra running or a little less running than their plan dictates. Some might need more rest. Listen to your body and make the adjustments that make sense for you.

Question 2: Do I understand the race and what is expected from my body?


A 5K race involves using your aerobic system (moderate to high intensity) approximately 80 percent of the time and your anaerobic system (very high, breathless, sprint-level intensity) approximately 20 percent of the time. Following a training plan that trains both of these systems effectively can help you shave off a few extra minutes from your time on race day. Training your anaerobic system will give you a confidence boost, too. Knowing you can “outrun” people in the final stretch toward the finish is a great feeling.

Here's a great training plan to ensure that you are working both systems efficiently to help increase your speed:
  • Two 30-45 minute "steady state" runs at a moderate pace each week. This will enhance and build your aerobic capacity.
     
  • One "tempo" run each week that alternates between five minutes of steady-state (moderate) running followed by a 60-second anaerobic speed burst for a total of 30 minutes. This will train both your aerobic and anaerobic energy systems in the same session.
     
  • One day dedicated totally to sprinting is a great addition to any program, especially if you use a hill for your sprints. By adding hill sprints, you get the added bonus of improving your running technique; running uphill makes you focus on driving your arms and ensures you build and engage the posterior chain muscles which are essential for running faster. This will be an intense workout to train the anaerobic system, but it can also be a shorter workout than the other days.
     
  • Finally, one day running one-mile repeats at a faster pace than you run on your moderately paced days will get your body used to running slightly faster over distance. After each mile, you rest and recover until your breathing is back to a resting state (about three to five minutes for most people). For a 5K distance, completing just three or four one-mile repeats on this day should suffice. As you get close to race day, do 1.5 mile repeats. The more you train your body to be comfortable at a fast pace, the easier race day will become.
 

Question 3: Am I fueled efficiently both before and after my training sessions?


When it comes to endurance running, selecting a good fuel to power your training session and rebuild and regenerate after your workout is important. Just like a car cannot run without gas, you cannot run well on an empty tank. When you are preparing to run a race is not a good time to go on a restrictive diet. Make smart choices and ensure you are consuming good carbohydrates and high-quality proteins.

The great thing about fueling up for a 5K race and training for one is that it is very simple and easy. Unlike running a marathon, you do not need to overload the night before with carbohydrates and fats because a 5K is so short.
 
Carbohydrates and fats are essential energy sources for high-intensity aerobic exercise, but your body probably has sufficient fat stores to call on if needed. Focus your energy on providing quality carbohydrates before your run. Some ideas include granola, toast with peanut butter or sometimes a banana and graham crackers before a run—they are all light and easy to digest.

For after training, try to feed your body with the nutrients it needs to re-stock, rebuild and regenerate. Taking in proteins and carbohydrates within 30 minutes after your workout can drastically increase the benefits while boosting your energy levels. You might also try a high-quality protein shake made with water and low-fat milk after a training run. You could even add fruit such as banana and pineapple (pineapple has anti-inflammatory properties and it makes your shake taste good).
 
On race day itself, many races are in the morning, so you probably won't eat a full meal beforehand. Treat yourself to an omelet with chicken and spinach as a post-race meal; add in some whole-wheat pancakes, too!
 

Question 4:  Do I have the right equipment for me?


Just because your friend loves to run in a certain pair of shoes does not automatically mean they are good for you! Selecting equipment based on your personal needs can drastically improve your time on race day. Did you know that excessive pronation (foot instability) can slow each stride down by 0.2 seconds? It may not sound like much but when you think about how many strides you take in a 5K, 0.2 seconds can translate to a few minutes of time. Go to a specialty running store and get fitted based on your needs. 
 
In life, we are all competitors. Everyone deserves to feel the joy of self-improvement. It doesn't matter if you are a 12-minute mile runner or a 4-minute mile pro; setting new goals and working hard to achieve them will have you smiling on the inside and running in stride.

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Comments

EVIE4NOW 10/4/2019
good tips.. thanks Report
A1DENSMOM 6/7/2019
Seems like a really doable plan. Report
CYNTHIAF1976 4/17/2019
Thanks Report
DRAGONFLY631 4/3/2019
Thanks for the info Report
KHALIA2 12/13/2018
Thanks for sharing! Report
Thanks Report
RO2BENT
We didn't have these problems before couches, TV, and prepared foods Report
Fantastic Report
Great article Report
Great article. Awesome information. Thanks. Report
ELRIDDICK
Thanks for sharing Report
PATRICIAANN46
Thank You for a great article. Report
Great article. Thanks. Report
This makes me sad. I've been running races for 2 years now and I can't yet run a 12 minute mile. I'm working hard to do it, but I can't do it yet. Unfortunately, these elite athlete types always use the 12 minute mile as a sign of failure. It would be nice if they were more inclusive. Also, it would be nice to have some advice that would help slow runners like myself get faster and get UP to the speed of a 12 minute mile. Report
Thanks for the great tips! :) Report
great article Report
Great tips and things I hadn't really conicdered. Report
Great tips. Thank you. Report
I've never been a runner. I am definitely a walker. I have walked 5 k's many times. Report
Great article. Thanks for the workout routine suggestions Report
great advice--worth heeding! Report
Great advise. Preparing for my first 5k in a few weeks and hope to finish in the top 10 in my division. Report
That's running 5 days a week - guess I could spread that routine over 2 weeks if I wanted to? I only want to run 2-3 times a week. Report
This was one of the best blogs I have read! Report
As always, be careful not to overload on calories just because you've done a 5K. Chances are you haven't burned a whole lot more calories than you do after a regular hard workout, so eating a platterful of food is a one-step-forward, two-steps-back approach. A nice, healthful protein/carb breakfast (like that omelette and toast) is the way to go. Report
I love this article. I'm running a half marathon in a month and after that I want to concentrate on improving my 5k time! Thanks for the great tips! Report
Thanks for the info. Saved your article and will put it to good use.
: ) Gin Report
LETHSIA
I was a runner about 4 years ago and loved everything about it. I'm so glad I found this to bust my spirts and remind me that I can do it. I'm totally going to do a race befor the end of the summer. Report
Thanks for sharing the great advice! Report
nice article with good information. Always trying to improve my speed. I am more of a distance person than a speed person. Report
Nice ideas! I used to be an avid jogger (up to 10 miles a day once a week), but that was 40 years and many pounds ago. Completing the Spark virtual 5k here gave me motivation to find the fun of jogging again. Report
Love this blog. I've been running for about 7 years on and off and never managed to achieve a faster 5k. Just watch me! Report
Long runs (about 6 miles for me, currently) and fartleks have been helpful. Using a training plan and sticking to it - crossing off the runs as I complete them, knowing what to expect - was very helpful as I trained for my first 10K. Now I feel more comfortable with 5K's as well.

For a pre-run snack, I have half of a whole wheat English muffin with a half tablespoon of peanut butter. Anything more and I burp non-stop! Without breakfast, I get sluggish. Drinking a cup of water beforehand also helps. And I chew gum while I run, which keeps me from feeling thirsty. Report
I found this article really helpful. I'm a new runner. I've run two 5Ks this summer and have two more scheduled. I'm trying to improve my time with each race, and I believe I'll really benefit from this advice. Thanks! Report
I just signed up for the virtual 5K and am so glad I found this article :) Report
ANGIEJAY77
I needed to read this! I signed up for my second 5K in September and I really want to improve my speed! I think my main problem is my eating. I need to think more about how food is going to fuel me instead of how wonderful it'll make me feel to eat it. :) Report
Wow, this was great--thank you! I'm not a runner but after reading this I may give it a go. Excellent and helpful advice. I plan to print this one out and save. :-) Report
I really like this information! If I can get my running anywhere close to a 5K (and when it cools down outside), I will remember her Daily training schedule. I also like the information about fuel.

Now, I just go and try and run, but going out with a goal, like "how will this training help me in the long run?" is a new way of thinking for me. Report