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Wednesday, July 09, 2014
Difficult to define and difficult to diagnose, schizoaffective disorder combines elements of a mood disorder with those of schizophrenia.
What is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, incoherence and physical agitation. It shares symptoms with bipolar disorder.
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, incoherence and physical agitation; it is classified as a "thought" disorder while Bipolar Disorder is a "mood" disorder.
It is estimated that 1 percent of the world's population has schizophrenia. While there is evidence that genetic factors have a role in developing schizophrenia, other unknown causes play a significant part as well.
While bipolar I disorder may include psychotic features, schizophrenia cannot include mood swings. schizoaffective disorder bridges the gap between bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.””
“Lupus & Bipolar Disorder: Is There a Relationship?
Problems caused in the nervous system by systemic lupus erythematosus (aka Lupus and SLE) include mood disorder and psychosis, which lead to the question of a link between lupus and bipolar disorder.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (aka Lupus and SLE) is an autoimmune disorder that can cause chronic disease throughout the human body. The exact mechanism which causes the disease is unknown, but as the immune system turns against its own body, all of the major organs such as the heart, lungs, and kidneys are affected. The musculoskeletal, circulatory, integumentary and nervous systems also develop dysfunction. (A.D.A.M. offers more information about this disease.)
It is the problems caused in the nervous system that lead to the question of a link between lupus and bipolar disorder. Dr. John Hanly (2004) writes, “Involvement of the nervous system by systemic lupus erythematosus is one of the most profound manifestations of the disease and encompasses a wide variety of neurologic and psychiatric features.” Of the array of neurologic features, it is the diffuse symptoms in the central nervous system that most closely resemble bipolar disorder:
• Cognitive Dysfunction
• Mood Disorder
...Perantie and Brown (2002) write, “The role of the immune system in psychiatric symptoms has been an area of much interest for years … Medical illnesses including HIV infection, systemic lupus erythematosus, and Cushing’s disease are all associated with psychiatric symptoms. In addition, high dosages of prescription corticosteroids (ef, prednisone and dexamethasone) are associated with mood changes, cognitive deficits, and even psychosis. However, the role of the immune system in mediating the psychiatric disturbances with each of these conditions is not clear.””
Brought to you by Multiple Mental Disorders