To Dodge Diabetes
Thursday, May 07, 2015
In 2002, the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) reported that a low-calorie, low-fat diet plus exercise lowered the risk of type 2 diabetes more than Metformin (a blood-sugar-lowering drug) or a placebo in people at high risk for the disease. Seven years after the three-year trial ended, the weight loss and exercise were still paying off.
Among 1416 women in the DPP who had no history of diabetes during pregnancy, those who had been in the weight loss plus exercise group had a 30% lower risk of being diagnosed with diabetes since the study ended than those who got metformin or the placebo.
Among 350 women who had a history of diabetes during pregnancy, those who had been in either the metformin or weight loss plus exercise group had about a 35% lower risk of diabetes than the placebo takers.
WHAT TO DO: Lose (or don't gain) excess weight and aim for at least 150 minutes of exercise each week.
Source: Journal of Clinical Endocrinal Metabolism 2015